Cancer Screening & Prevention

Cervical cancer is the cancer of the cervix. It starts due to abnormal growth of the cervical cells
which leads to a state wherein the old cervical cells do not die but new cervical cells continue to
grow. The build up of new cervical cells causes a growth on the cervix which can be either benign
(non cancerous) or malignant (cancerous). While benign growths on the cervix, like polyps and cysts
do not pose any threats to life, malignant growths are life threatening if not detected early. These
cancerous cervical cells can break off from the tumour in the cervix and travel to other parts of the
body, thereby spreading the cancer to all parts of the body.
Ovarian cancer is cancer of the ovaries, which is a part of the female reproductive system. Ovarian
cancer starts due to the growth of the abnormal ovarian cells. If the cancer has been detected early,
treatment for ovarian cancer is successful most of the times. Epithelial ovarian cancer, the most
common ovarian cancer, grows inside the tissue covering the ovaries. This type of ovarian cancer
most often occurs in women who have crossed the menopause period.
Breast cancer is the most common cancer affecting women. It starts when the cells in the breast
multiply uncontrollably and form lumps as a result. Breast cancer most often develops in the milk
ducts. There is every chance that the tumour might spread to other parts like the tissue around the
breast, the chest wall, and others.
Biopsy is a screening procedure common to all three types of cancers – cervical, ovarian, and breast.
This is done to determine if the tumour is malignant or benign. In order to diagnose cervical cancer,
we conduct a cervical exam, in addition to the biopsy and lab tests.
Ovarian cancer employs different tests altogether to determine the presence of cancerous cells in
the cervix, apart from the biopsy. Some of these tests include a physical exam, along with a pelvic
exam and Pap test; a pelvic ultrasound, and others.
Some of the commonly used screening procedures for breast cancer include a self-exam, a clinical
exam, mammogram, breast ultrasound, and others.
In order to prevent cancer, one of the primary steps is to lead a healthy lifestyle, ensuring there is
enough exercise, right quantity of nutritious food and a stress free daily life.
If you have any queries regarding any of these three cancers or you want to allay your fears through
tests, do call us on 9811132693 to fix up an appointment for a consultation with one of the doctors
at Divine Clinic.